Estimation of Salivary Glucose levels as a Diagnostic aid for Diabetes Mellitus

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Biology, Engineering, Medicine and Science Reports,2015,1,2,35-38.
Published:July 2015
Type:Original Article
Authors:
Author(s) affiliations:

Shweta Chouhan1*, Shreenivas Kallianpur2, Manisha Tijare2, Tukaram Prabhu3, Sowmya K2, Sandeep Gupta2

1Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, R.K.D.F. Dental College and Research Centre, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, INDIA.

2Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, People’s College of Dental Sciences and Research Centre, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, INDIA.

3Department of Microbiology, People’s College of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, INDIA.

Abstract:

Aim: The present study was designed to correlate the serum and salivary glucose levels and estimate associated salivary parameters (such as salivary flow rate, pH and buffering capacity) among diabetic and healthy individuals. Settings and Design: 80 patients were included in this study of which 30 patients were uncontrolled diabetics (group I), 30 patients were controlled diabetics (group II) and 20 patients were healthy individuals (group III). Materials and Methods: Salivary and serum glucose levels and salivary flow rate were measured using established methods. Results: The mean serum glucose was higher in group I as compared to group II and group III. In all the groups, salivary glucose levels significantly correlated with serum glucose levels. A statistically significant correlation was also observed between salivary glucose and salivary flow rate in all the three groups. The mean pH values were similar in all the three groups, indicating unaltered salivary buffering capacities. Conclusion: Salivary glucose levels may be used as an alternative and reliable index in diagnosis of diabetes mellitus.