Biology, Engineering, Medicine and Science Reports <p><strong>Biology, Engineering, Medicine and Science Reports (</strong><strong>BEMS Reports</strong><strong>).</strong></p> <p>BEMS reports (ISSN number: 2454 - 6895) will consider original scientific and non-scientific contributions for publication in an Open access format. Research articles, Review articles, Letters to editor, Brief communications, Case reports, Book reviews, Technological reports, and Opinion articles in the areas of biology, engineering, medicine and science will be considered. It is published Semiannual and serves the need of scientific and non-scientific personals involved/interested in gaining knowledge.</p> <p>Journal URL: <a href=""></a></p> <p>All manuscripts submitted to BEMS reports will be editorially reviewed and published following declaration from authors about the originality, honesty and authenticity of the work. All the published manuscripts will be open to post publication open access public review for a period of four months. Post this open peer review process the manuscript will be evaluated by our editorial panel for assigning manuscript ID and its archiving in suitable database. Author/s is/are responsible for all statements made in their work and obtaining necessary permission to republish any previously published illustrations and/or other relevant materials.</p> EManuscript en-US Biology, Engineering, Medicine and Science Reports 2454-6895 Potential Use of Haematopoietic or Mesenchymal Stem Cells in the Treatment of Immune Mediated Neutropenia in Domestic Canines <p>In domestic canines, neutrophils are the major component of white blood cells, which when reduced in numbers (neutropenia) can significantly compromise innate immune physiology. Several conditions are known to cause neutropenia in canines, however when neutropenia is observed without any underlying cause, it is suspected to be immune mediated neutropenia (IMN). Although IMN is treated symptomatically using immunosuppression therapy, the recent developments in stem cell therapies offer therapeutic potential especially in IMN cases which relapse. This brief report outlines the merit of haematopoietic (HSC) and/or mesenchymal (MSC) stem cells in the treatment of IMN in domestic canines. The known efficacy of HSC to repopulate the stem cell niche responsible for production of neutrophils in bone marrow together with the immunomodulatory properties of MSC can be therapeutic against IMN. Such innovative stem cell based therapies for IMN in domestic canine’s merits clinical evaluation.</p> Arun HS Kumar Copyright (c) 2021 2021-03-03 2021-03-03 7 1 9 10 10.5530/bems.7.1.4 Pan-hysterectomy for Closed Pyometra in a Dog <p>Pyometra is infection of the uterus with presence of pus inside the uterus. A 2.5 years old intact female dog weighing 25 kgs was presented with a history of anorexia and pain on palpation of thoraco-abdominal region. On physical examination, the abdomen was tensed. Lateral abdominal radiography and ultrasonography was performed and diagnosed as pyometra which is a closed-cervix type. Pan-hysterectomy was performed under general anesthesia as treatment to save the animal. Post-operatively the animal was on antibiotics and anti-inflammatory drugs for 5 days and kept on fluid therapy for 3 days. The pet had an uneventful recovery.</p> Dayamon David Mathew Vinod Kumar Rahul Kumar Udehiya Naresh Kumar Singh Copyright (c) 2021 2021-03-03 2021-03-03 7 1 4 5 10.5530/bems.7.1.2 Percutaneous Ultrasound Guided Drainage of Prostatic Abscess in a Dog <p>A 7 year old male German shepherd dog presented with a history of blood in urine at hourly intervals having difficulty in defecation as well. Moreover, it was also loosing body weight during the past few months. Upon, ultrasonography it was observed as prostatic enlargement and diagnosed as prostatic abscess. Subsequently, the treatment went along was with gentamicin irrigation of the abscess after percutaneous drainage under ultrasound guidance and with systemic antimicrobial therapy. Excellent recovery was observed with no further complications seen or reported up to six months following the treatment.</p> Rahul Kumar Udehiya Daymon D Mathew Vinod Kumar Naresh Kumar Singh Copyright (c) 2021 2021-03-03 2021-03-03 7 1 6 8 10.5530/bems.7.1.3 First Impression of Greek University Students on Taking Massive e-Exams due to COVID-19 Pandemic <p><strong>Dear Editor-in-Chief,</strong></p> <p>Previous letters have suggested the implementation of certain measures to either ameliorate the effects of the financial crisis or even modernize the Greek academic institutions over the previous decade (2010-2019), either in general<sup>1</sup> or in the context of biomedical education.<sup>2</sup> In these letters, the authors proposed a series of predesigned steps to achieve the desired results. What we would like to raise the attention of the readership to, is another driving force of change in the Greek academic sector (other than carefully designed plans): forced adaptation to external circumstances, like to COVID-19 pandemic. Some European countries (like the United Kingdom or Nordic countries) have made serious investments in e-learning platforms and curricula over the last 10-15 years (and thus acclimatized their corresponding academic communities into the concept of e-exams),<sup>3</sup> while others, like Greece, are not similarly mature in efficiently (from an organizational, pedagogic and technological point of view) integrating distant learning approaches and e-examinations into their academic curricula.&nbsp;<strong>Read more...</strong></p> Ioannis Paliokas Alexandros Tzallas Konstantinos Kalafatakis Nikolaos Giannakeas Copyright (c) 2021 2021-03-03 2021-03-03 7 1 11 12 10.5530/bems.7.1.5 Canine Cryptorchidism: A Concise Review of its Origin, Diagnosis and Treatment Caroline Spangenberg <p>Cryptorchidism is a heritable, autosomal recessive trait in dogs. Due to the anticipated nature of the defect, animals with this condition should not be used for breeding as it poses the possibility of the trait being inherited by offspring. The incidence rate of cryptorchidism in dogs is reported to be ranging from 0.8 to 10% with a relatively higher prevalence in smaller breeds and purebred dogs, such as the English Bulldog, Boxer, Chihuahua, Shetland Sheepdog, Siberian Husky and Yorkshire Terrier. This report gives a brief overview of origin, diagnosis and treatment of canine cryptorchidism.</p> Caroline Spangenberg Copyright (c) 2021 2021-03-03 2021-03-03 7 1 1 3 10.5530/bems.7.1.1