Biology, Engineering, Medicine and Science Reports <p><strong>Biology, Engineering, Medicine and Science Reports (</strong><strong>BEMS Reports</strong><strong>).</strong></p> <p>BEMS reports (ISSN number: 2454 - 6895) will consider original scientific and non-scientific contributions for publication in an Open access format. Research articles, Review articles, Letters to editor, Brief communications, Case reports, Book reviews, Technological reports, and Opinion articles in the areas of biology, engineering, medicine and science will be considered. It is published Semiannual and serves the need of scientific and non-scientific personals involved/interested in gaining knowledge.</p> <p>Journal URL: <a href=""></a></p> <p>All manuscripts submitted to BEMS reports will be editorially reviewed and published following declaration from authors about the originality, honesty and authenticity of the work. All the published manuscripts will be open to post publication open access public review for a period of four months. Post this open peer review process the manuscript will be evaluated by our editorial panel for assigning manuscript ID and its archiving in suitable journals. Author/s is/are responsible for all statements made in their work and obtaining necessary permission to republish any previously published illustrations and/or other relevant materials.</p> en-US (Editor-in-Chief) (Webmaster) OJS 60 Evaluating the Efficacy of Garlic and Cranberry Extracts against E. coli causing Urinary Tract Infections <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Background:</strong> <em>Escherichia coli </em>(<em>E. coli</em>) is the major cause of community-based Urinary tract infections (UTI). Products from nature have been used in traditional medicine practice although with limited scientific validity. In this study garlic and cranberry extracts was assessed for its efficacy to inhibit <em>E. coli </em>growth. <strong>Materials and Methods: </strong>Crude garlic and cranberry extracts were obtained and <em>E. coli </em>was isolated from an infected urine sample. Two-fold serial dilution was carried out on the <em>E. coli</em> and crude extract inoculations. Incubation and plating was carried out for 24 hr at 30°C. Colony count was done using a digital Quebec Colony Counter. <strong>Results:</strong> A general trend of reducing number of average CFU with increasing concentration of both extracts was observed. Garlic was observed to be more potent than the cranberry extract even at the lowest concentration. <strong>Conclusion: </strong>This study establishes the merit of using garlic and cranberry extract as a household remedy for UTI caused by <em>E. coli.</em></p> Zahra Khosravi Copyright (c) 2020 Mon, 22 Feb 2021 00:00:00 -0500 You Can Observe a Lot by Watching: How Artistic Images have Led to Anatomical Exactitude <p style="text-align: justify;">Since the publication (c. 1316) of the first anatomy textbook and dissection guide, <em>Anothomia mundini </em>by Mondino de Luzzi, the importance of illustrations has been recognised as essential to learning about body structure. The <em>Anathomia</em> was the main source of anatomy information for over two centuries until Vesalius produced a comprehensive atlas of human anatomy, published in 1543 as <em>De humani corporis fabrica</em>. This text contained over 200 illustrations and placed considerable emphasis on dissection and observation as the best method of studying anatomy, a departure from the long-standing tradition of following ancient texts which lacked illustrations. This empirical method was expanded by several artists, notably Leonardo da Vinci and George Stubbs, whose works laid the foundation for accuracy in anatomical illustrations. The current tendency among students to photograph their dissections has largely replaced drawing specimens. Some contemporary antidotes to this tendency are presented along with the associated educational benefits.</p> Emmanuelle Hirt, Skylar LaManna, Francisco Abellan, Gregorio Ramirez, David Kilroy Copyright (c) 2020 Mon, 22 Feb 2021 00:00:00 -0500 Efficacy of Natural Extract from Ocimum Species against Fungus Gnats Infesting Plant Saplings <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Background:</strong> Fungus gnats around household plants besides being annoying can also compromise the growth the plant saplings. Hence effectively repelling them without compromising their ecological purpose is necessary. <strong>Materials and Methods: </strong>We tested here the effectiveness of an aromatic natural extract of the Ocimum species in repelling the Fungus gnats naturally infesting <em>Catharanthus roseus</em> plant saplings. Ocimum extract was sprayed on the plant saplings and monitored for the presence of the Fungus gnats. The binding potential of selected compounds in the Ocimum extract was evaluated against known insect specific olfactory receptors to understand the mechanism of action. <strong>Results:</strong> Ocimum extract effectively repelled and reduced the fungus gnats around the plant saplings following treatment over 4 days. This improved the growth of the plant saplings. Selected compounds from Ocimum extract had physiologically effective binding affinity with the insect specific olfactory receptors. <strong>Conclusion: </strong>Ocimum extract spray is a cost effective and ecologically favourable approach for controlling fungus gnats infesting plant saplings.</p> Anya Kumar, Arun HS Kumar Copyright (c) 2020 Mon, 22 Feb 2021 00:00:00 -0500 A Brief Report about Managing the Spread of COVID-19 with Limited Resources in Bandar Abbas City, South of Iran <p style="text-align: justify;">Since the end of 2019, the world has experienced the biggest catastrophic event of the century because of the manifestation of novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19). COVID-19 caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), which could lead to severe pneumonia. All countries need to prepare their resources and infrastructures as well as healthcare systems to overcome this disaster or any next pandemic, which may occur in the future again. At the time of this writing, my country is suffering from second wave of this pandemic. In Iran, the prevalence of COVID-19 with a high rate of mortality is still at an alarming rate which brings severe concern and a massive burden for health care systems. As of September 15, 2020, the number of infected people with COVID-19 in Iran was 407,353 with 23,453 deaths. In this short report, we want to share our response planning with emphasis on the measures being applied in our hospital particularly our anesthesiology department, to decrease the spread of COVID-19 in the operating rooms and intensive care units (ICU) of this significant referral centre (450-bed) of Hormozgan university located in Bandar Abbas, Hormozgan province south of Iran.</p> Hashem Jarineshin, Fereydoon Fekrat, Behnaz Dalfardi, Fatemeh Khosravi Copyright (c) 2020 Mon, 22 Feb 2021 00:00:00 -0500